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Posts with the tag sysadmin:

Setup a ZFS pool on a Hetzner VM running Debian 9

ZFS is great file system that comes with a lot of benefits, and I’ve come to use on my servers with LXC or Docker. Even if RAIDZ or self-healing are useless on a VM, we can still benefit from compression, snapshots, cache, etc. The proper way to create a ZFS pool is to dedicate a device or partition to the zpool. I’m using the new Hetzner cloud offer a lot recently and that’s also where I use ZFS.

Monitoring with Telegraf, InfluxDB and Grafana

I’ve been using Munin for the past years as my monitoring tool. It works well, it’s light, and super easy to set up. It’s a bit old and limited though, so it’s time to look at what kind of monitoring software we have in 2018. Instead of having one software that does everything nowadays we like to separate the roles this way: The collector, which you will install on the machines you want to monitor The database that will store all the measurements The visualization system, e.

Diaspora* in Docker

I’ve been moving my services to Docker lately because it suits my needs an ease my life a lot, but I was kind of stuck when wanting to move my Diaspora pod into containers. Indeed, the Diaspora project doesn’t have any official Docker image, including a Dockerfile, docker-compose.yml or any kind of instructions or guide, because none of the core developers actually use Docker so they’re still searching for someone to maintain one.

Migrating Ghost to Docker

In my first post I said I installed Ghost with ghost-cli, the classic way. I did also say that I wanted to run it in Docker but that I didn’t know Docker enough to do it. In fact, I tried to set up Ghost in Docker a few times while being bored at school, but I didn’t succeed, so it ended up like it is now. For the past week though, I’ve been learning and using Docker a lot, and finally moved a dozen services into containers.

Migrating Ghost from MySQL to SQLite

In my first post, I said that I set up my Ghost blog with a MySQL database. Why is that? Because ghost-cli wants you to use a MySQL database and I happened to have a MariaDB server on my VM and so I just added another database to it SQLite is a better choice However, Ghost supports SQlite as a storage backend. In fact, SQLite can handle more load than this blog could ever have, considering I use Nginx cache on my reverse proxy.

Add comments to your blog with Isso

If you’re not using a CMS like WordPress, chances are your CMS or blog engine doesn’t support comments. That makes sense if it’s a static blog built with a tool like Hugo, Jekyll or Zola, but does less when your blog is powered by a database, like Ghost is. I think comments are part of a blog and it’s important to enable them. Readers can thank you for your work, report a mistake, discuss the article, etc.

Setup a ZFS pool for your LXC containers with LXD

There are different storage types for LXC containers, from a basic storage directory to LVM volumes and more complex file systems like Ceph, Btrfs, or ZFS. In this post, we’re gonna setup a ZFS pool for our LXC containers, via LXD. Why ZFS? ZFS is an awesome file system. It’s a 128 bits file system meaning that we can store a nearly unlimited amount of data (no one will never attain its limit).

Setup a network bridge for your LXC containers with lxc-net

After having played around a bit with LXC and discovered its main features, you may want to have a proper network setup for your containers. There are multiple network setups possible and multiple ways to implement them. In this post, we are going to setup a bridge, using lxc-net. It requires very little configuration and should be enough for a simple LXC architecture. More details about this bridge setup: Containers will have an IPv4 within their own subnet Containers will be able to access each other within this subnet The host will be able to access the containers trough this subnet Containers will have access to the internet thanks to the bridge interface Note that I’m using Debian 9 for this tutorial.

Configure the Unbound plugin for Munin

Munin has plugins that allow us to get nice graphs of the DNS queries made to Unbound on the machine. However, they aren’t working by default! This tutorial assumes Munin and Unbound are already configured and working on your server. I’m using Debian 8 and 9, but it should work on Ubuntu, and certainly most distributions. .notice{padding:18px;line-height:24px;margin-bottom:24px;border-radius:4px;color:#444;background:#e7f2fa}.notice p:last-child{margin-bottom:0}.notice-title{margin:-18px -18px 12px;padding:4px 18px;border-radius:4px 4px 0 0;font-weight:700;color:#fff;background:#6ab0de}.notice.warning .notice-title{background:rgba(217,83,79,.9)}.notice.warning{background:#fae2e2} .notice-title{background:#f0b37e}{background:#fff2db}.notice.note .notice-title{background:#6ab0de}.notice.note{background:#e7f2fA}.notice.tip .notice-title{background:rgba(92,184,92,.8)}.notice.tip{background:#e6f9e6}.icon-notice{display:inline-flex;align-self:center;margin-right:8px}.icon-notice img,.icon-notice svg{height:1em;width:1em;fill:currentColor}.icon-notice img,.

How to set up a diaspora* pod on Debian and Ubuntu

In this tutorial, we will install a diaspora* pod on a Debian/Ubuntu server. I use the official Debian 8 guide as a base, and I used it myself on Debian 9 for, but it should work on most recent Debian and Ubuntu versions. Our setup will use Nginx, PostgreSQL and Systemd. Table of content Hardware requirements Installation Dependencies PostgreSQL Creating the diaspora user Ruby installation Install exim4 Download diaspora* Configure diaspora* Install bundle and the gems Setup the database Precompile assets Systemd services Nginx reverse proxy Logrotate Admin stuff Update diaspora* Backup Enjoy!